The journalist, whether from a public or private media, is considered as the main sentinel or scout of society. They fight against all odds to raise awareness and/or inform the population, regardless of political or religious affiliation. So, go and find out under what conditions he deploys himself on a daily basis, to gather information, then write articles or publish reports (written, audio, photo or video), by consulting press agency dispatches and interviewing specialists or witnesses.
It is noted, and deplored, that the leaders of some states, not to be named, have opted for headline support to suffocate the private media. Despite this, journalists are not discouraged. Regardless of the different aspects of their profession, journalists can work on general topics or specialise in certain issues. Journalists investigating environmental issues are the most threatened, after covering war zones.
In many countries around the world, there is a strong demand for journalists to be aware of their social and political responsibilities to society, to have logical and analytical thinking, to be creative and to have a sense of human contact. However, multi-skilled journalists are becoming fewer and fewer. Technical knowledge is increasingly necessary, if not required, due to the growing complexity of the subjects covered.
« The journalist plays a very important role in society because, at his or her own risk, and even as a « pebble » in the shoe of the ruler, he or she allows the people of the South to know what is happening in the North. It also draws the attention of those in power to the way they run the country’s affairs. But what do we see in some so-called « democratic » or « advanced democratic » countries? If a journalist works for a privately-owned media, he or she lives in precarious conditions, has difficulty accessing sources of information and medical care, has no family allowance, is not affiliated to the social security fund, is bullied, and is often brought before the military courts, imprisoned or murdered, » says a retired journalist.
« It is really not easy to be a journalist in our countries. The fourth estate that we talk about is only in name in our country. I hope that Press Freedom Day will not be a slogan, but a reality, » he concluded.