Ethiopia has just completed the second phase of filling the Great Renaissance Dam. Against the wishes of Cairo and Khartoum, which had asked their southern neighbor to postpone the filling until an agreement was reached.
If there is one thing that is not a shadow of a doubt in the dispute between Ethiopia and its Egyptian and Sudanese neighbors, in the context of the construction of the mega-dam on the Nile, it is the determination of the Ethiopian authorities to continue their project, against all odds; to move forward despite the protests of the leaders of the two countries located downstream of the largest river in Africa, Egypt and Sudan. Indeed, this Monday, almost a year after the end of the first phase of the filling of the dam, an Ethiopian official told AFP on condition of anonymity that the second phase has just been, in turn, completed. « The first filling was done last year, the second is now completed and will be formally announced today or tomorrow, » he said. This official also said that the amount of water currently stored in the dam is sufficient to allow the production of electrical energy.
Since its launch by the Ethiopian government in 2011, this pharaonic project has been the subject of intense tension between Ethiopia on the one hand, and Sudan and Egypt, two countries that are totally dependent on the Nile for their water resources, on the other. Mediation by the African Union has so far proved fruitless. And Ethiopia is totally hostile to the intervention of the UN Security Council, which met on this subject on July 8, at the initiative of Tunisia, which seized it as a non-permanent member and representative of the Arab world. « Ethiopia has repeatedly made it clear that bringing the issue before the UN Security Council was and remains unnecessary and far from the Council’s mandate, » said the Ethiopian Foreign Minister.
Ethiopia’s continuation and completion of the second phase of filling the dam was done in violation of the will of the other two countries, whose reaction will surely be swift.